What is an ACL Tear?
The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major ligaments of the knee. An ACL tear is a complete tear or injury to the ligament most often through a sudden change in direction. It often makes an audible “pop” sound at the time of injury.
What are the causes of an ACL Tear?
The specific cause of an ACL tear can vary greatly but there are some broader categories that they often fall in:
- Suddenly slowing down and changing direction
- Pivoting with your foot firmly planted
- Stopping suddenly
What are the signs and symptoms of an ACL Tear?
Pain and weakness are generally the primary signs and symptoms of an ACL tear like many other orthopedic. This can be constant or aggravated with movement. There are some unique signs to an ACL tear, especially at the time of injury. Some specific signs to look for are:
- A loud “pop” or a “popping” sensation in the knee
- Severe pain and inability to continue an activity
- Loss of range of motion
What are risk factors of an ACL Tear?
Most risk factors for a SLAP tear or injury are unavoidable. But generally, they can be related to:
- Being active or a sports players
- Being female or a young girl
- Poor conditioning
What are possible treatments for an ACL Tear?
Possible treatments (non-invasive) to address an ACL tear/injury are physical therapy, stretching, rehab and rest. When those are not helping return strength or alleviate pain, ACL surgery may be necessary.
Are there preventative steps or measures to avoid an ACL Tear?
Some preventative steps are exercise, stretching, and overall strengthing of the knee.
What are the risks if an ACL Tear is left untreated?
Risks if left untreated are mostly centered around prolonged pain, weakness, loss of function and advanced tearing.